Catching up with the West: 26% Increase in the Chinese Research Budget

Catching up with the West: 26% Increase in the Chinese Research Budget
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“China announced earlier this month a new increase of 26% of its research budget, which reached 25 billion dollars per year. The budget of Canada is estimated at between 10 and 12 billion per year, an increase of about 6% over the previous year.  China has initiated this policy for a dozen years. Launched in a manufacturing economy strong and competitive, China moves into the new economy of R & D, ideas and scientific technology”.

Source: http://www.cyberpresse.ca/opinions/201004/26/01-4274364-science-la-chine-rattrape-loccident.php

“The economic future of a nation lies in its youth, and China supports a fixed return of her young doctors PhD currently global diaspora.  This contrasts with the number of new doctoral students trained in Canada. In 2007, half of Chinese students, more than 12 million young people, pursuing graduate studies in science and engineering, health and agriculture, including 144,000 outside of China (52,000 States alone- USA).

In comparison, we had just over 250,000 students enrolled in graduate studies in the same areas, representing 25% of students enrolled in university in Canada. If you want to compare the number of trained researchers, China has increased from 18 doctors PhD in 1978 to more than 240,000 holders of a PhD in 2009. Canada, in turn, diploma average 4,000 young doctoral students each year, all disciplines.

Even more striking is the strong trend of Chinese PhD study in the United States to return to China after their studies. Whereas in 1994, 3,000 of them returned to China, they were 40,000 in 2007 to an average annual growth of 25%.

The number of students or graduates returning to China began to increase at a time when the Chinese government has decided to invest in R & D. According to the OECD, R & D rose from the equivalent of $10 billion USD yearly in 1995, reaching the equivalent of 102 billion in 2008, making China the fourth largest, behind the U.S., Europe 27 and Japan. Compared to Canada, this figure rose from the equivalent of U.S. $ 11 billion in 1995 to 23 billion in 2008.

All indications show that China will become the great economic leader on the world stage through a carefully planned strategy, promoting the attraction of the brain.

However, in recent years, the United States and Canada did not sufficiently educated their youth in science and technology to support their economies.

The rise of scientific China must also be read in light of its economic growth linked to manufactured goods. For example, Chinese exports to the United States have increased by 1600% over the past 15 years, while U.S. exports to China were growing “only” 415%.”